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Occupational health and safety program

Basic Elements of OH&S Program:

We hear bad news quite frequently in the newspaper or on TV about a fatal accident at a work place. This is a fact of life and comes from working at risky and highly dangerous environments. But it can be prevented and it is important for everyone to know especially the young work force, that measures are being taken in the form of a occupational health and safety program to keep people safe.

This may bring a lot questions to your mind like below:

  • What is an occupational health and safety program?
  • What does a health and safety officer do?
  • What is occupational safety?

These are perfectly common questions the answers to which you will figure out when you get to the end of this article.

Responsibilities of management:

  • Making sure the workplace is safe from any hazards and that there is no potential health risk.
  • A health and safety program is a must for every organization and is usually up to the management to arrange that.
  • It is also the responsibility of the management to ensure that the workers receive the appropriate training and are certified.
  • Make available the appropriate protective material.
  • Provide the workers as well as the supervisors the health and safety information.
  • Monitoring the supervisors in terms of their attitude towards health and safety.

Responsibilities of a Safety Coordinator

  • Provide vital information regarding health and safety issues to the employees.
  • Being the person who binds all the health and safety activities that take place throughout the firm.
  • Keeping a note of the health and safety issues in the form of statistics.
  • Researching issues in question and providing expert training to the employees

The purpose of the workplace health and safety committee:

A workplace health and safety committee is required to establish an effective safety program. This usually requires the cooperation of all the employees. Depending on the size of the organization such a committee is mandatory. In order to function at its best a committee requires the appropriate structure, a clear purpose and list of duties and follow standard procedure when it comes to meetings. Doing this forms a committee that is very effective at dealing with any issues of health and safety at the work place.

Establishing the correct work procedure:

The correct work procedure is established by laying out the safest method to do a job, provide job instructions and even monitor the performance and accident investigation if the need be.

It is important to carry out a job hazard analysis to start with. Here are few steps to follow:

  • Select the job.
  • Break the job down into several sequence of steps and small tasks.
  • Identify the hazards in each step
  • Establish the preventive measures.

The reason it is necessary to establish the correct work procedure are quite simple in fact. To start with it is required by the government to do so. Rules are necessary to protect the health and safety of the workers. In fact the compliance to the health and safety rules should ideally be considered as a condition for employment in the first place. The basic mail would be as listed below:

  • Make sure the employee is aware of the rules
  • Make sure the employees to obey the rules since it is for their own benefit.

The employee orientation program:

The orientation of an employee is very important and it applies to every workplace. The employee may be fit and qualified for a job however that does not mean he is already aware of the ways of this new work place. Every work place in general has a unique environment and ways of handling things. At times there a subtle thing that go unsaid and are not understood by the new employee simply because there is no orientation. Things like these can lead to a big issue and even a fatal accident.

Hence the employee orientation a must and here are few safety related issues that should always be included in the program;

  • The workplace emergency procedures.
  • Location of the first aid stations.
  • Responsibilities related to health and safety of themselves and other co-workers.
  • The hazards present at the work place.
  • The correct and safe method followed for every procedure and instrument or machine.

Designing a Training program:

The training program for health and safety is necessary to raise awareness. It is vital that the employees are aware of the perils at their work place and how it is possible for them to stay safe. They should be informed about the precautions to take and the consequences of not doing so. In fact it is important to use statistics available or published publically, to help drive in the point.

For example the recently published statistics show that approximately 4620 people lost their lives at the work place in the year 2012. This is fairly recent and still the count is quite high. In an even more recent incident more than 250 miners lost their lives in Turkey in May 2014 due to an incident at a mine. This included workers from all around the world.

It is not always the fault of a worker that an accident occurs. For example in Turkey it was found a safety inspection which was long overdue had not been conducted by the officials.

Either way it is important the workers have the proper training to prevent an incident of any kind.

The government lays out the topics that should be general included a health and safety training session.

Why Safety First?

Safety first is one firm that is well placed to help organizations on the subject of health and safety. In fact Safety First has several industrial safety training courses to offer so that all concerned in an office or a factory have a better understanding of the same. The have a certified team of safety professionals and safety professional consultants who have a lot of experience and have developed an eye to spot danger from a mile away.

Safety First Consulting

The professionals at Safety First Consulting can show you how to navigate the sometimes technical and often confusing OSHA regulations with occupational health and safety training. They can help you figure out what regulations apply in your workplace and what you need to do to comply. Just know About us, take one of our classes, or request a Contact us form.

About the author

Sophie MooreSophie Moore is a Digital Marketing Analyst, in charge of many digital marketing projects that involve SEO, Social Media and mobile web strategy. Moore has a background in IT, strong experience on website development and web interface, degrees in both traditional and digital marketing at Duke University, North Carolina.

Moore has a wide experience of internet projects and keeps herself up to date with the latest technologies and trends. Moore always explains that social media is her passion, SEO a motivation and a dynamic challenge where she is involved every day.

Learn more about her at her personal site. Follow her on Twitter, on Google +Sophie or become a friend on Linkedin

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What is Occupational Health And Safety?

Occupational Health and Safety:

Occupational Health and Safety:

The term ‘Occupational health and safety’ suggest that it is something to do with the safety aspect and well-being while at work. That I correct. However how many people are actually aware of the significance of the term and the true meaning of what is occupational health and safety? 

What I am driving at here is that there are many workers who join a workforce immediately after graduation, some not even that; some may be high school dropout as well and others looking for a change of job. Either way, all these people would have had no real reason to be concerned with the safety at work. It is surprising though true that many workers are not aware how risky it actually is.

These statistics tell a grim story:

  • The Year 2012: Number of fatalities were 4620 while at workplace. That a very big figure in spite of having all the precautions.
  • May 2014: Number of fatalities were more than 250. This was in a mine in Turkey and involved workers from all around the world.

I can go on and on; but I have mentioned only a couple of recent statistics to keep it relevant.

Occupational health and safety (OH&S) program:

The main aim of the Occupational health and safety program is the much needed prevention of workplace incidents. If you are in the Canadian Jurisdiction and you are a business then it is mandatory to have some form of the program. Besides which the components of the program also dictated by Health and Safety Legislation.

Not every organization is the same and hence the same rules and regulations do not apply to all the organizations. This is more of a comprehensive guidelines for all the organizations to follow out of which only few may be applicable to you depending in the size of your organization. In fact in a small organization the level or the program is likely to be a scaled down version of what may be implemented in a medium to large scale organization.

The Policy Statement:

The Occupational Health and Safety policy of an organization are more of a guideline for action. It gives an overview of the extent to which every unexpected situation is covered. However in general if should have the following points:

  • Showcase their commitment to protect the health and safety of the employees.
  • State the main objectives clearly.
  • The basic health and safety philosophy of the organization.
  • Defining the structure of the occupational health and safety program and also naming the person accountable.
  • A general list of responsibilities of the employees.

This is an important document or statement hence the policy needs to be stated in unambiguous and clear terms. Furthermore it should always be updated with the latest modifications. This is one document that should be easily available and even provided to each employee.

The Program Elements:

The specific of the program are highly dependent on the nature of the organization as already mentioned, however there are some things that are recommended for every organization and they are listed here:

  • Employee Orientation
  • Training
  • Individual Responsibility
  • Medical and First Aid
  • Health and Safety Rules
  • Health and Safety Promotion
  • Workplace specific items
  • Correct Work Procedures
  • Joint Occupational Health and Safety Committee

The Individual Responsibilities

It is correct to assume that the management is responsible for the issues of health and safety in an organization and they are also accountable. However in medium to large organization or even the small ones for that matter it is the employees who are carrying out the major tasks, handling dangerous material and working with machines. Hence at the end the day if the employee as an individual does not understand his responsibilities towards his own safety and the safety of his colleges the whole purpose is defeated.

Hence it is vital that each employee be made aware of their responsibilities in general. They need to be aware of who the correct authority is and who is in the best position to make the important decisions. Besides which they should be aware of what is expected of them, know their responsibilities, have the correct set of skills and be sufficiently trained and certified as the position demands.

Sample list of responsibilities for a worker:

  • Making use of the personal protection and safety equipment that is recommended by the employer for each task.
  • Following the guidelines for each procedure to remain safe.
  • Be aware of all the regulations and implement them in every situation.
  • Remaining alert to be able to report an injury or illness as soon as it is spotted.
  • Report any unsafe practice when observed.
  • Be actively involved in the joint health and safety committee.

Sample list of responsibilities for the First Line Supervisor:

  • Instructing and reminding the workers of the safe work practices.
  • Actively enforce the health and safety regulations.
  • Remain alert to spot any wrong doings and immediately correcting any unsafe activity.
  • Making sure the workers are performing the tasks assigned to them and only the authorized workers are doing the job.
  • Making it a point to report any incident that takes place in the workplace no matter how small it may be.
  • Perform routine inspections of the work place and eliminating any potentially hazardous elements.
  • Actively promoting the importance of safety to the workers.

Why Choose Safety First?

Safety First

Safety first is one firm that is well placed to help organizations on the subject of JHSC. In fact Safety First has several industrial safety training courses to offer so that the company management can have a better understanding of the same. Their team consists of certified safety professionals and an expert team of health and safety professional consultants with experience in businesses of all sizes and a wide variety of different industries as well.

The professionals at Safety First Consulting can show you how to navigate the sometimes technical and often confusing OSHA regulations with occupational health and safety training. They can help you figure out what regulations apply in your workplace and what you need to do to comply. Just know About us, take one of our classes, or request a Contact us form.

About the author

Sophie MooreSophie Moore is a Digital Marketing Analyst, in charge of many digital marketing projects that involve SEO, Social Media and mobile web strategy. Moore has a background in IT, strong experience on website development and web interface, degrees in both traditional and digital marketing at Duke University, North Carolina.

Moore has a wide experience of internet projects and keeps herself up to date with the latest technologies and trends. Moore always explains that social media is her passion, SEO a motivation and a dynamic challenge where she is involved every day.

Learn more about her at her personal site. Follow her on Twitter, on Google +Sophie or become a friend on Linkedin


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Occupational Health and Safety – The Facts

Occupational Health and Safety Background Information:

Occupational Health and Safety

All the work places under the inspection jurisdiction of the WCB are legally required to meet with the OHS Regulations set out. Thus the only workplaces except are the mines and the ones federally chartered like the banks, inter provincial and international transportation, telephone systems as well as radio, television and cable services. The main purpose of such OHS Regulations is for the well being of the citizens. It makes sure that every step is taken to promote health and safety (as well as protect workers and other people) at workplaces from work related risks to their lives. It is only if the workers and employers cooperate and follow the requirements set out that these health and safety issues can be correctly dealt with.

Furthermore the board is in a constant process of reviewing the requirements of the OHS regulations. They also tend to incorporate change in technology and new findings at the work place within the regulations to make the workplace all the more safer.

Regulatory Requirements under the Occupational Health and Safety Awareness and Training Regulation:

The Occupational Health and Safety Training are all set to change starting July 1st 2014. As per their new regulations there several issues that the employers, workers and supervisors should be aware off as mentioned below:

Employer’s related:

  • The employers are required to ensure that their employees (workers) have gone through the basic occupational health and safety awareness program.
  • It is also necessary to make sure that the supervisors go through the basic occupational health and safety awareness program within a week of starting on the job.
  • It is important to maintain an accurate record of the detailed training completed by each worker and supervisor.
  • The employer is entitled to provide their employees with a certificate of some sort stating that they have completed the training if and when requested by a current employee.

Worker’s training related requirements:

  • The training should include information on their duties and rights as per the OHSA.
  • This should also include the common work place hazards and occupational illnesses.
  • They should be informed of the role of the joint health and safety committees (JHSCs) and of the health and safety representatives under OHSA.
  • The Workplace Hazardous Material Information System (WHMIS) regulation also have a set of instructions and requirements that the workers should be aware off.

Supervisor’s training related requirements:

  • The training should include information on their duties and rights as per the OHSA.
  • It is important that the supervisors be trained to identify and assess & manage workplace hazards.
  • They should also be informed about the role of the joint health and safety committees (JHSCs) and of the health and safety representatives under OHSA.
  • It is equally important to inform them about the roles of the ministry, workplace safety and insurance board (WSIB) and the health and safety associations.

Offshore Health and Safety Act has received Royal Assent:

It was announced by the Minister of Natural Resources and Minister for the Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario (Canada), Greg Rickford that the Government’s Offshore Health and Safety Act has received Royal Assent.

This Act has been developed to ensure the safety of the offshore workers, increase transparency, clarify the roles and responsibilities and cover workers in transit to offshore platforms and also provide enforcement powers for occupational health and safety officers. The facts of this new legislations in a nut shell are as below:

  • It places authority for occupational health and safety within the Accord Acts.
  • Makes the roles and responsibilities of the employers and employees, regulators, governments, etc. crystal clear.
  • Enables the occupational health and safety officers to inspect and investigate and also order actions in case of dangerous situations without any obstructions.
  • The offshore petroleum boards are granted authority to disclose information to the public related to health and safety.
  • Also makes sure that the workers in transit to or from offshore platforms are also accounted for under the occupational health and safety regime.

Occupational Health and Safety Act:

The new Occupational Health and Safety Awareness and Training act introduced by the Ontario Government (Ontario Reg. 297/13) makes it mandatory for the employers to provide health and safety awareness training to their employees at the earliest possible opportunity. This act came into effect on the 1st of July 2014.

Conclusion for Occupational Health and Safety:

Occupational Health and Safety is also a evolving process. It is not fixed and does change as per the changes implemented in the industries and due to many other factors like technological changes. This article is meant to make you aware of such matters and to provide answers to common questions like “What is health and safety regulation?” , or “Why do we have health and safety regulations?“. It also makes sure that are aware of the Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations.

How Safety First consulting help you:

Safety First consulting

This is where Safety First consulting comes in. Safety First Consulting is one firm that can provide the answers to all your questions. They are well equipped and highly experienced set of professionals who have the knowledge on several different types of industries. Their certified professionals make sure that you remain updated with the new rules, regulations and acts set by the Government. Over the years they have developed a keen eye to spot and highlight the issues and situations that are potentially hazardous and thus have gained the upper edge.

The professionals at Safety Consulting can show you how to navigate the sometimes technical and often confusing OSHA regulations. They can help you figure out what regulations apply in your workplace and what you need to do to comply. Just know About us, take one of our classes, or request a Contact us form.

About the Author

Sophie MooreSophie Moore is a Digital Marketing Analyst, in charge of many digital marketing projects that involve SEO, Social Media and mobile web strategy. Moore has a background in IT, strong experience on website development and web interface, degrees in both traditional and digital marketing at Duke University, North Carolina.

Moore has a wide experience of internet projects and keeps herself up to date with the latest technologies and trends. Moore always explains that social media is her passion, SEO a motivation and a dynamic challenge where she is involved every day.

Learn more about her at her personal site. Follow her on Twitter, on Google +Sophie or become a friend on Linkedin

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